Access charge, wires charge

英文Access charge, wires charge

中文 电线接入费,电费

英文释义

(1)A fee charged for the right to send or receive power over another party’s distribution system. This fee, which is usually levied on a producer, supplier, or customer, serves as a type of rental or user fee charged for the use of the energy transmission infrastructure used to transmit energy to the customer. (2) In regulated markets, access charges may be bundled into charges for energy used by the customer. (3) In deregulated markets, access charges usually appears as a separate line item on energy invoices. (4)Wires charges are usually billed at a cents-per-kilowatt-hour rate, which is typically set by regional legislatures. (Note: This situation is likely to change as the energy transmission infrastructure becomes more heavily privatised.) (5)The fees collected from access charges are used to defray costs for infrastructure (power lines, distribution stations, maintenance, etc) as well as less obvious costs such as stranded costs, securitised debt, taxes, franchisefees, development costs for renewable energy and environmental programs, public benefits programs (eg, education/public relations, support for low-income consumers) and a range of others

中文释义

一个配电系统与另一方配电系统相互发送或接收电力产生的费用。这种费用通常向生产者、供应商或客户征收,作为一种租赁或用户费用,使用向客户传输电力的电力传输基础设施。 •在受监管市场中,接入费可能被折算到客户用电费用中。 •在非监管市场中,接入费通常作为电费发票上的一个单独项目出现。 •电力收费通常是每千瓦时1美分,通常由地方立法机构设定。(注:随着电力传输基础设施进一步私有化,这种情况可能会改变。) •从接入费用中收取的费用用于支付基础设施成本(电线、配电站、维护等)以及较不明显的成本,如搁浅成本、证券化债务、税收、特许经营费、可再生能源和环境项目的开发成本、公共福利项目(如:教育/公共关系,为低收入消费者提供支持)等等。

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