Municipal utility (muni)

英文Municipal utility (muni)

中文 (征集中)


(1)When the utility provider for a given city or municipal region is owned by the city or region itself, it is referred to as a municipal utility. A muni is a type of public utility. Regulation is usually controlled by a civic agency, usually a public utilities commission. (2)Most munis are self-regulating and not subject to state regulations. (3)They can raise capital for construction and maintenance using tax-exempt bond issues, set their own rate schedules and policies provided they fall within state and federal regulations, and optionally choose how and when they wish to deregulate themselves. (4)Once a muni is deregulated, it becomes subject to the same federal and state regulations as any privately-held utility. Munis can be directly owned by a municipality or function as self-governing bodies organised as separate public corporations with a degree of independence from the municipality



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